GREEK LANGUAGE

GREEK LANGUAGE, the most ancient in the world.

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The English language has 490.00 words, and 41.615 of them are Greek.With its mathematical structure, the Greek language is the language of programming and the new era of computers because it’s limitless (Bill Gates). Greek and Chinese are the only two languages that have continuously existed for 4.000 years.All languages are considered “hidden-Greek” with a rich loan from the mother of languages, the Greek one” (Francisco Adrados, language specialist).One of the major negative influences that happened in 1976 for the Greek language was the abolition of the ancient Greek language and the establishment of the modern “Dimotiki” with a single accent system, which today have evolved into being without accents.Another major impact is that families and teachers have been substituted by television, which is negative not only for the language but its character and ethos as well (Antonis Kounadis).CNN along with Apple created a program for the English and Spanish speaking Americans, to learn the Greek language. The premise for this was that the language sharpens the rational and entrepreneurial mind and makes people more prone to use their creativity.Counting the different words that every language has, we see that they all have several thousands. It is impossible for a writing to exist that has as much letters as the words of the language, because nobody would remember so many symbols.The same counts for the different syllables of the words that every language has.(for example :a av, va, vra, ve, ou).Counting the different sounds of the words that every language has,(a, b,c) we see that there are relatively few, there are only 20: a, e, o, u, i, k, g, t, d, th, p, v, b, f, m, n, l, r, s, z. But if we write the words as sounds, we don’t specify the words that sound the same, but are spelled differently and have a different meaning. For example the word tichi (τύχη=luck & τείχη=walls) that pronounced in Greek language the same if you write it differently it has totally different meaning.Therefore, it is not possible for a writing to exist that has as many letters as the different sounds of the words.Because of this problem people tried to find a solution to succeed the writing of the pronunciation of the word, in several techniques, especially the Egyptian and the Greek.The technique that the ancient Greeks invented to succeed in the writing of the words phonetically was the use of as many letters as sounds of the words (A, B, C) , as well as some letters that sound the same but are written differently: Omega & Omicron for the sound O, and H, Y & I for the sound I. With these, based on rules, you can define the etymology (the place and the type of the word etc.), so the exact meaning of the words, and then specify the words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have a different meaning.For example, in the Greek writing there is a rule to write the ending of the verbs with the letters Omega for the O sound and EI for the I-sound, and to specify the type of the nouns with an ending of an Omikron (O), I and H (I) so to know the right meaning of the words that sound the same.Likewise, there is the rule in the Greek writing to write the first letter of the names of persons with a capital, to specify the difference with words that sound the same.

Arthur Evans noticed there were three phrases in the Minoan language, the first being from 2000 BC.-1650 BC. which led to the conclusion that the Greek language is the only language that has been spoken and written continuously for 4.000 years.Someone can argue that the Ancient and New Greek are two different languages, but this isn’t true.Odisseas Elitis said “There’s only one Greek language. It’s so important to realize that we are using the same terms today for the words sky, sea, sun, moon, wind, just like Sappho and Archilochus did. We communicate daily with words that are rooted in the Ancient language.”Adamantios Korais had said “If you’re trying to study or explain the New language without knowledge of the Ancient one is either being deceived or is deceiving”. Even though thousands of years have gone by, the words of Homer may not have been saved entirely in their original form, but words that have derived from them are used today.We now say “nero-νερό” for “water” instead of “ydor-ύδωρ”, but we still use “ydor” if it comes to words like “ydragogeio-υδραγωγείο” (aqueduct) and “afydatosi-αφυδάτωση” (dehydration) in the Greek language..We may not use the ancient Greek verb derkomai (Βλέπω-I see) but we still use derivative word such as oxiderkis (the one that he can see clearly).We may not use the word avid-αυδή (foni-φωνή=voice)  but we say anavdos-άναυδος (speechless) & apiivdisa-απηύδησα (I stopped speaking-I get tired of speaking)
In addition we don’t say lopous-λωπούς (cloths) but we say lopoditis-λωποδύτης (the one that try to still from you-your pocket-cloths)This fact is of the enormous significance as goes the Greek language several centuries back to the depths of history. This script certainly is strange with the symbols that has and totally different from the current modern Greek Alphabet but its roots were proved that are Greek.Michael Ventris managed to decode and was able to prove that Grammiki B’ is also Greek, stemming from the Ancient Greek language. Until then many people insisted it wasn’t Greek.This is extremely important because it shows that the Greek language goes even further back in history. The Grammiki B’ seems strange as a language because it uses symbols and differs greatly from what we are familiar with today.On the other hand, the pronunciation is similar, even in the New Greek language. For example, the word “TOKOSOTA” means “Toxota”. It is known that the K and the S in Greek makes an X, and with a simple sharing property like we do in Mathematics we can see that this word didn’t change at all in the last millenniumsCalculating that Homer existed around 1000 BC, we wonder how many thousands of years did the Greek language needed to reach to evolve from the Caveman era until the epicness it did with Homer?Plutarch in “About the Socrates Demon” informs us that Achisilaus discovered the grave of Alcmene, the mother of Hercules, in Aliarto, and that this grave had an inscription in bronze “having very wonderful old letters”. Imagine how old this writing must have been, as the ancient Greeks wouldn’t have characterized themselves as ”ancient”.It’s obvious that someone like Homer couldn’t have come out of nowhere to write these literary achievements if a high-level language didn’t exist beforehand. We now know that more poets before Homer existed and he wasn’t the first but the last of a long list of poets: Kreofilos, Proodikos, Arktinos, Antimahos, Kinaithon, Kallimaxos but unfortunately their works “Foronis, Fokais, Danais, Aithiopis, Epigoni, Idipodia, Thivais” haven’t survived.

The power of the Greek language lies in its ability to mold not only by prefixing or finishing, but by varying in some cases up to the root of the word. The Greek language is special in creating complex words with incredible uses, multiplying the vocabulary.The international dictionary Webster’s (Webster’s New International Dictionary) writes: “Latin and Greek, especially Greek, is an inexhaustible source of material for the creation of scientific terms, while the French lexicographers Jean Bouffartigue and Anne-Marie Delrieu highlight: “Science constantly finds new objects or concepts. They have to be named. The treasure of the Greek roots lies in front of it, one just has to draw from there. It would be very strange not to find what is needed.”The French writer Jacques Lakarrier, amazed by the splendor of the Greek language, had stated in that regard: “The Greek language has the characteristic to offer magnificently for the expression of all hierarchies with a simple switching of the first component.It is enough to put a pan/first/begin/over – or a prefix with any other intention in front of a subject. And if you combine these prefixes, it gets an endless variety of gradations. The prefixes enclose the “if’s and don’ts” like a scale of importance, which stands up to the sky of words”.In the Iliad of Homer, Thetis mourns over what will happen to his son killing Hector with one single word. This word by itself says it all: dys + aristos+ tikto and means like the Etymologicon the Mega analyses: “for the evil I gave birth to the perfect”.A few years ago, the dictionary of non-exist-able words (Dictionnaire Des Mots Inexistants) was distributed in Switzerland. In which was suggested to replace some French descriptions by Greek single words. For example: androprere, biopaleste, dysparegorete, ecogeniarche, elpidophore, glossoctonie, philomatheem tachymathie, theopempte etc. about 2.000 entries with the prospect of further enrichment.

It is obvious that at least concerning the accuracy, languages like Greek are clearly superior to languages like English.It is sensible, if one can think of it, that it is much easier to establish an international language when it is easier to learn. On the other hand though, such a language de facto can’t be so qualitative.Considering the above the English language can’t be laconic in the same way as the Greek, because in order for the meaning of the phrase not to be ambiguous, additional words should be used. For example: the word “drink” as an independent phrase does not exist in English, as it can mean “a drink you drink”, “I drink”, “you have to drink” etc. In the Greek language instead, the phrase “drink” has a meaning, without having to rely on the context to understand its meaning.Note: we have to remember here that in ancient Greek besides the Single and Plural number, a Dual number existed. In Modern Greek exists the Dativ ending next to the 4 other endings: Nominal, Generic, Cognitive and Climatic.The Dativ is used continuously in our every day speech (for example, Based on the measurements, we conclude that …) and it is really worth mentioning because it was violently expelled from the Modern Greek language.Even before, except for the exorcised but lively Dativ, there were three other falls that were lost.The same problem, to a much more intense degree, is the Chinese language. As the Cretan journalist A. Krasanakis tells us: “ Because simple words are few, they have acquired too many concepts to meet the needs of expression, for example: “si” = to know, to be, power, world, oath, to leave, to love, to see, to care, to walk, home, etc. “pa” = ballet, eight, thief, to steal … “paι” = white, hundred, one hundredth, to lose … “There might be a slight difference in the emphasis, but even so, how is it possible to make a meaningful text (for example a contract) clear?

In Greek there are virtually no synonyms, as all words have subtle conceptual differences between them.For example. the word “lopodytis-λωποδύτης” = “pickpocket” is used for the person who puts its hand in our clothes and steals from us, secretly, while the “listis-ληστής” = “robber” is the one who steals in front of our eyes. Also “ayein-άγειν” and “ferein-φέρειν” have the same meaning. But the first one is used for living beings, while the second is for the inanimate.In Greek we have the words “cerannymi-κεράννυμι”, “mignimi-μίγνυμι” and “firo-φύρω”, all of which have the meaning of “stir”. When mixing two solids or two liquids with each other but without a new compound (eg oil with water), then we use the word “mignymo” and when we mix liquid with a solid then we say “firo”. Hence, the word “aimofirtos” = “bloodstream” that we all know but we do not realize what it means.When the ancient Greeks were wounded in battle, the blood was running and mingled with dust and dirt.The “cerannymi” means to mix two liquids and make a new one, such as wine and water. Hence, the “untouched” (ie pure) wine that the Ancients used to say when it was not mixed with water.Finally, the word “pantremenos-παντρεμένος” = “married” has a different meaning from the word “nymfevmenos-νυμφευμένος” = married, a difference that the words themselves describe for whoever gives them little importance.Κnowing such subtle conceptual differences, it is actually very funny some of the things we hear in the everyday – often mistaken – speech (eg “X got married”).The Greek language has words for concepts that remain unreadable in other languages, such as “amilla-άμιλλα” = competition for the excellence, “thalpori-θαλπωρή” = comforting warmth and “filotimo-φιλότιμο” = he who loves the honor, honorable.Only t he Greek language distinguishes “zoi” = life from “bio” life = the means/the way to life, “agape-αγάπη” = “ago-άγω” (to go) + “pan-παν” = god: love to family members and humans, from “erotas-έρωτας” love = love with a lot of energy, desire for something/someone. Only Greek separates, while maintaining the same root subject, the “atychima-ατύχημα” = accident….. from “dystychima-δυστύχημα” = accident….., the “symferon-συμφέρον” = interest….from the “endiaferon-ενδιαφέρον” = interest ……

The amazing thing is that the Greek language itself is always teaching us how to write correctly. Through etymology, we can understand the right way to write even words that we have never seen or written.For example, the word fork-peirouni-πειρούνι for someone who has basic knowledge of Ancient Greek, it is obvious that it is written with “e” and not “i” as we are writing incorrectly today. The reason is very simple, the “word peirouni (fork)” comes from the verb “peiro” which means puncture-piercing, precisely because we are punching the food to get-eat it.Also the word sygegrimenos-συγκεκριμένος-specific it can’t be written «συγκεκρυμμένος»,because it comes from «κριμένος» (the one that has been judged) and not for sure from «κρυμμένος»  (the one who is hidden).So, there are many letters for the same sound (eg, for the Greek letter i: η,ι, υ, ει, οι etc.) that not only should not make it difficult for us, but instead help us to write more correctly, since of course we have a basic understanding of our language.Moreover, the spelling in turn helps us to reverse the etymology but also to trace the historical course of every single word.And what can help us to understand our everyday modern Greek language more than anything else is the knowledge of Ancient Greek.It is really shocking feeling to talk and at the same time to realize what you are saying, while speaking and exaggerating each word at the same time to think its meaning.It is really a pity to teach the Ancient  Greek Language in such a horrible way in the Greek pedagogic system at schools&  to make you dislike something so beautiful and exciting. 

In the language we have the signifier/ significans (the word) and the  signified/ significatum (the meaning). In Greek, these two have a primary relationship, as unlike other languages, the signifier is not a random series of letters.In a common language like English, we can all agree to say the cloud =car and the car=cloud, and once we agree and it comes in that way. In Greek this is impossible. For this reason many distinguish the Greek language  as a “conceptual” language from the other (languages) that are considered to be “semiological” languages.Indeed, the great philosopher and mathematician Benjamin Heisenberg had noticed this important attribute for which he had said: “My tenure in ancient Greek was my greatest spiritual exercise. In this language there is the fullest correspondence between the word and its conceptual content. “As Antichtheus was saying, ” A prerequisite for correct writing is the etymological knowledge of the word.” For example, the “prince-arxon-άρχων” is one who has his own land (hence = earth + has). And really, even today, it is very important to own one’s own land / home.The “assistant-βοηθός-voithos” means the one who obey/run (when hear the call) of someone’s call. Voi-βοή= voice-φωνή + theo-θέω = run. Astir is the star, but the word itself says us that it is moving, it does not remain immovable in the sky (a(negative meaning) + stir from the verb istimi-ίστημι-standing.What is really interesting is that the word often describes properties of the concept that it expressed, but in such a way that it impresses and gives you food for thought.For example, “envy-fthonos-φθόνος” is perceived by the verb “descending-φθίνω-fthino” which means decreasing. And really envy as a feeling, it slowly dwindles us and destroys us. It ‘s diminishing as a human being – and it goes down and affects even our health.And of course when we want something that is so much (with a lot of quantity) that it does not ending ,how we say it? Of course, “abundant”.-afthonia-αφθονία.We have the word “beautifull-oreos-ωραίος” coming from “time-ora-ώρα”. Because to be something beautiful, it has to be & come in time.Nice-oreo-ωραίο is not a fruit, neither raw nor rotten, and a beautiful woman is not at her 70s or even at her 10th. Neither the best food is good/nice/oreo/tasty when we don’t have room, because we cannot enjoy it.More over the word Freedom-eleftheria-ελευθερία, it means if you analyze the word , according the Ancient Greek language ‘para to elefthin opou era- παρά το ελεύθειν όπου ερά –going wherever you love. How impressive is that when you realize that meaning.
You are free as a human being when you have the possibility to go/to choose whatever/wherever you love..The word statue-agalma-άγαλμα its etymology is from the ancient Greek verb agalomai-αγάλλομαι-Something makes really happy, because when we see a beautiful ancient Greek statue our soul feels happy and from that sight it comes the deep happiness inside you..Also from that verb-agallomai comes the noun agaliasi-αγαλλίαση-exhilaration which inside has the word iasis-ίασης-healing.Αs a conclusion when we see  one beautiful statue (or anything else which is beautiful) our soul feels happiness and through that becomes our healing.This is true if we admit that our psychological condition connects directly with our physical body-health. In this point it is very useful to know also that the English word statue comes from the Latin language (statua) which its roots comes from the ancient Greek verb istimi-ίστημι-standing.Now you can understand the philosophy-difference between those two languages and civilizations..For Ancient Greeks the statue was something more that the Latins believed that was something unmovable.Another example about the accuracy and wisdom of the Greek words:The word aschimo-άσχημο-ugly you can guess its exact meaning if you would know that the Greek first letter a in some cases/words means something negative and schima=shape so the etymology of the word ugly-aschimo, means something with no shape..The relationship between language and human thinking is obvious. As George Orwell says in his “1984” immortal work, simple language also means simple thinking. There, the regime tried to restrict language to restrict people’s thoughts by permanently removing words.”The language and its rules are developing the crisis,” wrote Mihai Eminescu, the national poet of the Romanians.A complex language is a testimony of an advanced intellectual culture. To speak correctly means to think correctly, to give birth constantly to the speech and not just parroted words and phrases.

The Ancient Greek word for voice is called avdi-αυδή.Τhat word comes from the ancient Greek verb:ado-άδω, which means sing.As the great poet and academician Nikiforos Vrettakos writes:”When once I will leave from that light, I will maneuver upwards like a little stream that whispers. And if anywhere in the blue corridors I will meet angels, I will speak to them Greek, because they do not know languages. They talk to each other with music. “The well-known French writer Jacques Lakarriere also describes the following experience from his trip to Greece: “I listened to these people talking in a language that was harmonious but also incomprehensibly musical to me. This journey to the homeland – mother of our concepts – revealed to me an unknown ancestor, speaking a language so distant in the past but familiar at the same time only by its sounds. I felt like losing myself, as for example someone would tell me that your real parents they are not those you have now..The famous Greek and internationally renowned musician, Ianis Xenakis, has often mention-highlight that the musicality of the Greek language is similar to the universal one.But Gibeon also spoke of the most musical and fertile language that gives body to the philosophical abstractions and soul to the objects of the senses. Let us not forget that the Ancient Greeks did not use separate symbols for music-notes, they used the letters of the alphabet themselves..The tons of the Greek language are musical points that, together with the rules, preserve from the dissonance of this musical language, as does the counterpoint which is toughed in the conservatories or the transitions and recesses correcting the not harmonious simultaneous notes as noted by the philologist and author A. Tziropoulou-Efstathiou.It is also known when the Roman citizens first heard in Rome the Greek orators, to lecture, they were so crowdy the places that they gathered even from people that they didn’t speak the Ancient Greek language. They use to say for the Greek orators that the speak like birds.Unfortunately, somewhere through the centuries of the Greek tribe, this musicality (which the Italians managed and maintained) was lost, apparently in the black years of the Ottoman rule.Let’s highlight in this point here, that the people that they live in villages/county and we we’re joking about their pronunciation they are closer to the Ancient Greek pronunciation than the dialect that used/spoken from ‘city-people’.The Greek language was enforced effortlessly (to the Latins) and thanks to its musicality.As Romans Horatius writes “The Greek tribe was born favored with a language pretty -sounding, full of musicality.”